To access the complete Amsterdam Social Science Volume 5 Issue 1 click here.
Our last issue’s preface addressed the topic of open access knowledge and asserted that Amsterdam Social Science is an earnest supporter of the recent initiatives for accessible knowledge. Taking this matter a step further, the question then becomes, what kind of knowledge is it that we want to provide our readers with and why?
According to the European Commission against Racism and intolerance, the Netherlands is becoming increasingly Islamophobic. In an attempt to contextualize the phenomenon, this paper outlines the effects of the process of globalization on both Muslim as well as non-Muslim sections of the Dutch population. Its analysis reveals that globalization, referred to in this paper specifically as ‘complex connectivity’, has similar effects on these groups of people. In addition, the paper scrutinizes Dutch public discourse to categorize common responses to the conditions of complex connectivity by Dutch Muslims and non-Muslims. To this regard, the paper emphasizes that both groups share common approaches in responding to globalization. In sum, therefore, this paper highlights not only that the Netherlands’ Muslim and non-Muslim population is subject to the same processes of globalization, but also that these processes are responded to similarly.
In response to widespread Islamophobia a counter-discourse has developed, that of Islamophilia. This term is used to describe the construction of Islam and Muslims as necessarily positive, friends, familiar, and compatible with the ‘West’ and democracy. Such an imagining is constructed not only from outside of Muslim communities, but also from within Muslim communities. In this paper, i explore how Islamophilia is constructed within Muslim communities, focusing on the Muslim Canadian Congress (MCC) as a case study. I draw on the MCC’s mission statement, responses, and participation in debates surrounding veiling and faith-based arbitration to point to ways in which the organization constructs Islamophilia. A discourse analysis approach is used in order to identify constructions of Islamophilia by the MCC. Furthermore, I argue that such a construction has important implications for not only how Canadian Muslims are viewed by other Canadians but also how Canadian Muslims perceive themselves.
Ethnicity in Lithuanian emigrants’ public letters ‘the easiest choice’ or ‘the search of normality’? Discourses of economic migration since EU accession and their constructions of ethnicity and national identity by Gabija Didziokaite
Since its accession to the European Union, Lithuania has faced a continuous stream of emigration. This has become a topic of national debate escalated by politicians and highly covered by the media. Here, emigration is often portrayed in negative terms and is equated with disloyalty to the country. However, emigrants have given differing accounts about their decision to emigrate and their relationship with the home country. In order to analyse how Lithuanian emigrants account for emigration, and how these accounts relate to their perceptions of ethnicity and national identity, a discourse analysis of open emigrants’ letters publicised in popular Lithuanian news website delfi.lt was conducted. This paper argues that two discourses about economic migration can be distinguished: ‘the easiest choice’ and ‘the search for normality’. Depending on their construction of emigration, these discourses frame ethnicity and national identity in different ways.
This paper proposes that Jungian analytical psychology, which stood at the beginning of modern psychology, and shamanism share similarities in how they approach illness and its causes, and that both still have implications in modern times. Based on a literature review, this paper describes the concept of soul loss, which is the perceived cause of illness in shamanism, and the concept of dissociation between the conscious and the unconscious mind in Jungian psychology, which is the cause of neurosis as seen by Jung. This paper proposes that both philosophies share similar views of the mind, and make use of symbolism to change patients’ neurological state, which can induce self-healing psychoneuroimmunological states of consciousness.
Take the classic phenomenological trinity – time, space, the social – and add music. Problematizing the phenomenologist Schutz’s argument for the effusive we-ness involved in sharing musical time, in this essay I turn to Lefebvre’s rhythmanalysis project to understand how the sounds available in a public space might shift the kinds of sociality that happen there. If we orient our expectations for the intersubjective texture of a shared musical encounter towards a weaving together of individual durées instead of a confluent flow, we can find a means of understanding music’s impact on time, space, and sociality without collapsing the jumbled-up diversity within the encounter. With Amsterdam’s Zwanenburgwal corridor as my mini-fieldsite for this methodological essay, I ask how music influences the rhythms of (inter)personal comportment; and, further, how can rhythmanalysis help us perceive the formation and enacting of intersubjective bonds in a public space?